NASA’s Juno orbiter normally focuses on Jupiter’s turbulent atmosphere as it swings around the giant planet, but in this mesmerising view the spacecraft caught the tortured moon Io, the most volcanically active body in the solar system, rising above the planet’s vast horizon. Slightly larger than Earth Moon, Io is dwarfed by Jupiter’s titanic disc. This colour-enhanced image was captured by the JunoCam instrument on 29 October as June flew through its 16th close encounter with Jupiter, passing about 18,400 kilometres (11.400 miles) above the planet’s cloud tops. The image was processed by citizen scientists Gerald Eichstädt and Justin Cowart.
As darkness falls, observers in Western Europe and the British Isles fortunate to have clear skies can view a naked-eye conjunction between largest planet Jupiter and the Moon. For telescope owners, Jupiter’s Great Red Spot will be on show, while Galilean moons Io and Europa partake in a close orbital dance.
At the beginning of civil twilight on Monday, 13 November, observers in Western Europe and the British Isles should seek out a viewing location offering an unobstructed view very low to the southeast horizon to see brightest planet Venus and largest planet Jupiter separated by little more than half the width of a full Moon.