Catch a bright supernova in Virgo

Top: Supernova 2022hrs in NGC 4647, shot on by Rolando Ligustri on 26 April. The supernova shines at around magnitude +12.5. Compare the supernova’s brightness in this image to what it was in the bottom image, shot on 17 April by Rolando again, though  in less-favourable conditions. It easy to see how much the supernova has brightened in 9 days.

Supernova 2022hrs was discovered by amateur astronomer Koichi Itagaki on April 16.619 (14:50h UT) in NGC 4647, an intermediate spiral galaxy in the constellation of Virgo. He used a 0.5-metre, f/6 telescope and a CCD camera. The supernova shone at around magnitude +15 at discovery and has since brightened by over two magnitudes, with estimates at the time of writing (26 April) hovering around magnitude +12.5. 

A low-resolution spectrum of the transient was captured just over five hours after discovery by Claudio Balcon, using a FOSC-ES32 spectrograph attached to a 0.2-metre telescope, in the course of Italian Supernovae Search Project( The spectrum resembles that of a type-1a supernova (a scenario with a degenerate white dwarf star as the progenitor rather than core-collapse of a massive star [type-II]) about two weeks before maximum light. It’s possible then that the supernova may brighten further during the remainder or so of April.

NGC 4647 is an attractive spiral galaxy that shines at magnitude +11.3 and spans 3’ x 2.5’. Supernova 2022hrs lies 30” east and 18.7” south of the galaxy’s core, at the precise position RA 12h 43m 34.3s, Dec +11° 34’ 36”.

A deep image of supernova 2022hrs in NGC 4647, shot on 21 April by Martin Mobberley.

NGC 4647 is a close companion on the sky (~3’ separation) to the brighter and larger galaxy Messier 60 (NGC 4649), which lies to the south-east. Indeed, deep images show they overlap. M60 is an elliptical galaxy (some sources list it as a lenticular galaxy (type-S0) that glows at magnitude +8.8 and has an apparent dimeter of 7.2’ x 6.2’. Together, NGC 4647 and M60 are catalogued as Arp 116 in Halton Arp’s Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies. NGC 4647 is listed as lying 63 million light yers away, with M60 placed 6 million light years closer. At that distance, NGC 4647 would be an outlying member of the Virgo Cluster of Galaxies.  

Virgo is presently very well placed on late evenings. NGC 4647 and M60 lie on the eastern outskirts of the main agglomeration of Virgo Cluster galaxies that straddle the boundary between Virgo and Coma Berenices. Point your telescope 4.6 degrees slightly north of due west from magnitude +2.8 Vindemiatrix (epsilon Virginis). 

By 10pm BST, Arp 216 lies 46° high in the south-eastern sky, culminating 50° by 11.20pm. Under a dark and transparent sky, the supernova should be visible through a 200–250mm (eight- to ten-inch telescope). Advantageously, the Moon is out of the way presently in the evening sky, reaching ‘new’ on 30 April.

NGC 4647, the host of Supernova 2022hrs, with its location in Virgo, lies just under five degrees west of Vindemiatrix (epsilon Virginis). Image: Greg Smye-Rumsby