NGC 2035, also known as the Dragon’s Head Nebula, is located in the Large Magellanic Cloud, the largest of the Milky Way’s satellite galaxies. The appropriately named Dragon’s Head Nebula, visible to right of center, is a stellar nursery where hot new stars are forming in vast clouds of gas and dust, emitting radiation that is sculpting their surroundings. In spectacular counterpoint, filaments left over from a star that exploded in a supernova blast at the end of its life are visible to the left. Discovered by James Dunlop in 1826, NGC 2035 was imaged here by the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope.
Astronomers harnessing the combined power of NASA’s Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes have found the faintest object ever seen in the early universe. It existed about 400 million years after the big bang, 13.8 billion years ago. The new object is comparable in size to the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC), a diminutive satellite galaxy of our Milky Way.
Researchers using NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have discovered the first gamma-ray pulsar in a galaxy other than our own. Known as PSR J0540-6919, the object sets a new record for the most luminous gamma-ray pulsar known. The pulsar lies in the outskirts of the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a small galaxy that is located 163,000 light-years away.