The Large Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way, is the home of spectacular star-forming regions featuring complex tapestries of bright emission nebulae, dark dust lanes and colourful supernova remnants. NGC 2035 is a case in point, a lesser known region of the LMC discovered by the Scottish astronomer James Dunlop in 1826. This view was captured by the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope, showing clouds where new stars are being born along with the remnants of a supernova explosion (left).
Researchers using NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope have discovered the first gamma-ray pulsar in a galaxy other than our own. Known as PSR J0540-6919, the object sets a new record for the most luminous gamma-ray pulsar known. The pulsar lies in the outskirts of the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a small galaxy that is located 163,000 light-years away.
Researchers have identified a young star, located almost 11,000 light-years away, which could help us understand how the most massive stars in the universe are formed. This star, already more than 30 times the mass of our Sun, is still in the process of gathering material from its parent molecular cloud, and may be even more massive when it finally reaches adulthood.