Even when viewed through a typical amateur telescope, Saturn’s rings offer a jaw-dropping spectacle that always satisfies. But looked at through the eyes of NASA’s now-departed Cassini spacecraft, the view is unlike anything else in the solar system, a stunning tapestry of mind-boggling complexity. This image, taken on 22 August, 2009, by Cassini’s narrow-angle camera at a distance of 2 million kilometres (1.27 million miles) employed red, green and blue filters to produce a natural colour view. The rings are made up mostly of water ice, with particles as small as grains of sand and as large as mountains. The precise nature of the icy material that gives the rings their colour remains a topic of debate.
Set your alarm for 6am GMT if you wish to see three naked-eye planets in the UK dawn sky this week. Find a location that offers an unobstructed view of the horizon from southeast to south and let the waning Moon be your guide to locating Jupiter, Mars and Saturn on successive mornings from 7 to 11 February.
Skywatchers in the UK looking to the south-southwest at dusk on Monday, 17 September can see the waxing gibbous Moon just 1¾ degrees to the upper left of Saturn, the pair fitting comfortably in the same field of view of binoculars and small telescopes magnifying 25× or less. This is also a good night for spotting Titan, Saturn’s largest and brightest moon.