VLT finds most distant known galaxy
EUROPEAN SOUTHERN OBSERVATORY
Posted: March 1, 2004
Further spectroscopic studies of one of these candidates has provided a strong case for what is now the new record holder — and by far — of the most distant galaxy known in the Universe.
Named Abell 1835 IR1916, the newly discovered galaxy has a redshift of 10 and is located about 13,230 million light-years away. It is therefore seen at a time when the Universe was merely 470 million years young, that is, barely 3 percent of its current age.
This primeval galaxy appears to be ten thousand times less massive than our Galaxy, the Milky Way. It might well be among the first class of objects which put an end to the Dark Ages of the Universe.
This remarkable discovery illustrates the potential of large ground-based telescopes in the near-infrared domain for the exploration of the very early Universe.