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The stellar nursery with a massive heart

...a new ESO image reveals the vast stellar nursery of Gum 29, which hosts a small cluster of stars bearing one of the most massive double star systems known to man...

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Thirty Meter Telescope awarded next generation of ‘noiseless’ detectors

...a zero-noise detector is in store for the future Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) that will have a light-collecting power ten times that of the largest telescopes now in operation...

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COROT sees sunquakes in

other stars

...the Earth orbiting COROT satellite has applied the technique of seismology to the study of stellar interiors, probing the interiors of three stars beyond our own Sun for the first time...

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STS-120 day 2 highlights

Flight Day 2 of Discovery's mission focused on heat shield inspections. This movie shows the day's highlights.

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STS-120 day 1 highlights

The highlights from shuttle Discovery's launch day are packaged into this movie.

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STS-118: Highlights

The STS-118 crew, including Barbara Morgan, narrates its mission highlights film and answers questions in this post-flight presentation.

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 Mission film

STS-120: Rollout to pad

Space shuttle Discovery rolls out of the Vehicle Assembly Building and travels to launch pad 39A for its STS-120 mission.

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Dawn leaves Earth

NASA's Dawn space probe launches aboard a Delta 2-Heavy rocket from Cape Canaveral to explore two worlds in the asteroid belt.

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Dawn: Launch preview

These briefings preview the launch and science objectives of NASA's Dawn asteroid orbiter.

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Double asteroid belt in

Solar System clone
BY DR EMILY BALDWIN
ASTRONOMY NOW

Posted: October 27, 2008

Spitzer observations have discerned two rocky asteroid belts and an icy outer ring surrounding our Sun’s doppelgänger Epsilon Eridani that could have been shaped by evolving planets.

"This system probably looks a lot like ours did when life first took root on Earth," says lead author of the study Dana Backman of the SETI Institute.

Click to enlarge. Our familiar Solar System compared with the similar layout of Epsilon Eridani's system. Both systems host asteroids (brown), comets (blue) and planets (white dots). Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

Epsilon Eridani, visible to the naked eye and located just 10.5 light years away in the constellation Eridanus, is marginally smaller and cooler than our own Sun, but at just 850 million years old is providing insight into how our Solar System evolved. It already shares striking similarities to the formation we are familiar with today, bearing an inner rocky asteroid belt at an equivalent distance from the central sun as our own inner Astroid Belt. An outer rocky belt containing around 20 times as much material also exists in the same position as Uranus.

A third ring of icy material spans a ring from 35 to 100 AU, mimicking the Kuiper belt of our own Solar System but with 100 times more material. But when our own Sun was a spritely 850 million years old, our icy reservoir probably looked much the same as Epsilon Eridani’s, prior to a dramatic clearing out of rocky material during the Heavy Bombardment Era, where material was flung into the inner planets and some even hurled out of the Solar System altogether.

"Epsilon Eridani looks a lot like the young Solar System, so it's
conceivable that it will evolve similarly," says Massimo Marengo of the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.

Artist impression of the Epsilon Eridani solar system, exhibiting a double asteroid belt and a reservoir of icy cometary material. Image: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

The forming solar system was observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope, and revealed gaps between each of the rings orbiting the central star. Such gaps are best explained by the presence of planets that gravitationally mold the rings and sweep out material as they orbit their central star.

"Planets are the easiest way to explain what we're seeing," says Marengo. Indeed, the astronomers predict that three planets with masses between those of Neptune and Jupiter must be lurking in the system, and a candidate planet near the innermost ring already has been detected by radial velocity studies. A second planet is inferred near the outer asteroid belt at a distance of 20 AU, and a third at about 35 AU near the inner edge of the Kuiper Belt clone.

There is no doubt that the Epsilon Eridani system will be the first on many a planet hunter’s list, and as the resolving power of telescopes increases, astronomers hope to detect terrestrial and even Earth-mass planets orbiting inside the innermost asteroid belt for a true Solar System analogue.

The Planets
From tiny Mercury to distant Neptune and Pluto, The Planets profiles each of the Solar System's members in depth, featuring the latest imagery from space missions. The tallest mountains, the deepest canyons, the strongest winds, raging atmospheric storms, terrain studded with craters and vast worlds of ice are just some of the sights you'll see on this 100-page tour of the planets.
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Hubble Reborn
Hubble Reborn takes the reader on a journey through the Universe with spectacular full-colour pictures of galaxies, nebulae, planets and stars as seen through Hubble's eyes, along the way telling the dramatic story of the space telescope, including interviews with key scientists and astronauts.
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3D Universe
Witness the most awesome sights of the Universe as they were meant to be seen in this 100-page extravaganza of planets, galaxies and star-scapes, all in 3D!
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